BOLIVIA

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GENERAL DATA

Poverty rate:

33.2%

out of the total population as for 2018.

MIGRATION DATA

  • Sending country: Around 878.000 Bolivians or 7.8% of the total population reside abroad mainly in Argentina (48.5%), Spain (17.2%), the US (47.4%) and Chile (9.2%).

  • Destination country: Around 156.000 immigrants or 1.4% out of the total population live in Bolivia. The main countries of origin are Argentina (29.8%), Brazil (17.9%), Spain (8.5%); and in recent years Bolivia has also received people from Venezuela (more than 2.000 people in 2019).

  • Transit country: Venezuelan migrants crossing Bolivia en route to Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay.  

  • Host country for refugees: There are 700 refugees or asylum seekers of more than 20 different nationalities  (Peruvians, Colombians, Cubans, Iraqis, and Russians) residing in Bolivia. 

IMPACT BY COVID-19

Hover over the country where you want to know the data.

* daily data update

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STATE MEASURES

  • The Supreme Decree No. 4196 of March 17, 2020 that declares a health emergency and quarantine throughout the country, establishes that the border closure will continue until Tuesday, March 31. However, in the article 8, it clarifies that: "it does not include Bolivian citizens and residents who return to Bolivia, who must comply with the protocol and procedures of the Ministry of Health". Borders remain closed as of September 2020.

  • The April 8 Supreme Decree regulates the entry of Bolivians stranded at different borders and makes them comply with health protocols.

  • The Bolivian government reached an agreement with the Chilean government for the repatriation of migrants who were camping outside the Bolivian consulate in Santiago de Chile. 

  • Flights called humanitarian were used to repatriate Bolivians who can afford the basic cost of the ticket.

  • The police and the Director General of Migration maintain an immigration control plan for immigrants.

  • Temporary suspension of immigrant and non-immigrant visa services continues at all U.S. embassies and consulates.

  • This is an agreement between DIGEMI and CONALTID for foreign citizens to file for entry, stay, and exit online, a measure that will generate a system of geo-referential control.

  • Starting in August, Venezuelan minors who are in Bolivia without identification or with expired documents can regularize their immigration status.

  • Bolivian citizens who returned to the country and who have voted outside of the country in previous electoral processes will be able to change their address to vote in the presidential elections in September.

  • There is much politicization of the migrant issue by political parties in anticipation of the next presidential elections. The right opportunistically supports Venezuelan immigration.