ECUADOR

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GENERAL DATA

Poverty rate:

34.2%

out of the total population as of December 2019.

MIGRATION DATA

  • Sending country: About 2 million Ecuadorians or 11% of the population, reside abroad mainly in the US (out of the 790,000 that reside there, 150,000 are undocumented), Spain (430,000) and Italy (77,000).

  • Destination country: About 510,000 immigrants, representing the 3% of the total population live in Ecuador, mainly from Venezuela (50%), Colombia (25%), other nationalities such as the US, Peru, Cuba and Haiti. 

  • Transit country: Caribbean, South American, Asian, Middle Eastern, and African migrants transit Ecuador en route to the US. This transit is also heading south to Peru to continue en route to the countries of the Southern Cone. They are mainly Venezuelan, Haitian, Cuban and African migrants.

  • Country receiving national deportees: Ecuadorian deportees are coming mainly from the US.  

  • Host country for refugees: 68,000 people have been recognized as refugees. 97% out of that total are of Colombian nationality.  

IMPACT BY COVID-19

Hover over the country where you want to know the data.

* daily data update

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STATE MEASURES

  • The Colombian Government declared its decisions regarding the opening of borders. On the one hand, the closure of land and river borders was extended until January 16, 2021. At the same time, the progressive opening of maritime borders and international air operations is sought.

  • At the beginning of December, the National Assembly approved an immigration reform to the Human Mobility Law that included nine grounds for deportation: entering through irregular steps, falsifying documentation, revoked visas without complying with the consequent departure from the country, breaking the law or being considered a threat or risk to public safety. The Executive sent to the Assembly a veto to the reforms, which proposes, among other things, that the deportation process be carried out through administrative and non-judicial channels.

  • On December 18, 2020, in the city of Ibarra, the Imbabura Human Mobility Plan was debuted, which has been formulated to manage the many migratory processes in the province. This is a locality where strongly xenophobic events were recorded before and during the pandemic.

  • Foreign Minister Luis Gallegos reported on the repatriation to Ecuador of more than 17 thousand citizens.

  • The “Return to the Homeland” plan currently administered by the Venezuelan government permitted 170 Venezuelans a return to their country of origin on the 20th of November, 2020.

If you want to learn more about the solidarity networks generated during the pandemic in Ecuador, which have also targeted the migrant population, visit this map developed by the Colectivo de Geografía Crítica de Ecuador and Fundación Rosa Luxemburgo.