out of the total population
Sending country: About 1.7 million Peruvians reside abroad. The main destinations are the US (50%), Chile (21%), Argentina (10%), Spain (9%), Italy (4.1%) and Japan (2.3)%.
Destination country: About 153,000 immigrants reside in Peru. The main countries of origin are Venezuela (24.6%), Colombia (15.3%), Spain (7.3%), the US (6.8%), Ecuador (5.3%), Argentina (5.2%), Chile (4.7%), Brazil (4.2%), China (3.7%), and Bolivia (3.5%).
Transit country: Peru is used by migrants in transit en route to the Southern Cone and by migrants in transit en route north to the Central America-Mexico-US migratory corridor.
Host country for refugees: More than 482,500 Venezuelans have requested asylum. This makes Peru the first country to host Venezuelans in need of international protection and the second destination for Venezuelan refugees and migrants worldwide. 435,000 Venezuelans have obtained the Temporary Residence Permit, 52,000 are pending, and only 1,200 Venezuelans have obtained refugee status between 2016-2019.
Country receiving national deportees: Peruvian deportees are coming mainly from the US.
IMPACT BY COVID-19
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* daily data update
Peru will regularize the immigration status of 500 thousand Venezuelans. On October 22, 2020, the Peruvian government approved special, exceptional, and temporary procedures to regularize the immigration status of foreigners with irregular status. The measure grants a period of 180 days, from its publication, so that those people with the expired period of stay or who have entered without going through border controls can opt for a valid Temporary Permit of Permanence (CPP) card for one year. To date, this measure has not been implemented.
This order only welcomes Venezuelans who are within the national territory on the date of publication of the decree, who must present to the immigration authorities a copy of their valid passport or identity document; sworn statement of not having a criminal, police and judicial record; not having an impediment to enter the country and a commitment to pay the debt due to the fine of excess permanence.
The Government tries to include Venezuelan migrants in the educational system of the country. Data from the Ministry of Education indicates that a total of 96,613 Venezuelan migrant and refugee students (52,319 girls and 44,294 boys) are enrolled in Peruvian schools in 2020, a number that has increased steadily in recent years. Despite these efforts, there are 67,957 refugee children who are not registered in the Ministry of Education system.
Agents from the High Complexity Crime Investigation Division (DIVIAC) of the PNP and personnel from the Specialized Corporate Supra-provincial Prosecutor's Office against Organized Crime carried out a mega-operation in Lima, Tacna and Huancayo to arrest members of the criminal organization “Los Embajadores, a group ”dedicated to illicit human trafficking.” According to the authorities, in the simultaneous operation in the three cities, 12 people from the criminal network that operated in the United States, Mexico and Peru were arrested as part of the plan called "Coyote 2020.”
Peru assumed the pro tempore presidency of the Quito Process, a regional technical table that seeks coordinated responses to the institutional challenges posed in Latin America and the Caribbean by the flows of Venezuelan refugees and migrants, reported the UNHCR and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) by the end of November. Upon assuming the presidency, Peru is committed to working on issues such as "the impact of the covid-19 pandemic on the health of refugees and migrants and host communities; and socioeconomic integration." Also, in the creation of a coordinated mechanism of action against human trafficking, and a regional platform for the protection and assistance of children and adolescents; the current challenges of family reunification, and the development of a profile of the Venezuelan flows in the region among other agenda items.